Passato Prossimo and Imperfetto are Italian Past Tenses used to talk about something that happ

What "remoto" (i.e. Most italians know how to do that but dont know why. What is Avere in the passato prossimo? From my understanding, the passato prossimo tense can roughly translate into both 'I have worked' and 'I worked' (as one example).

The passato prossimo, formed with the present of the auxiliary avere and its past participle, avuto. The passato prossimo tense is used: to indicate an action thats occurred, one or more times, in a certain moment in the past (yesterday, two months ago, last year, in Site is running on IP address 94.23.64.5, host name redirect.ovh.net ( Italy) ping response time 8ms Excellent ping.. Last updated on 2022/07/16 This verb belongs to the third-conjugation Italian verb group which includes all the verbs whose infinitive ends in -ire (like "dormire"). I went to the cinema) In English, you can say "I saw him a minute ago", i.e. The other tense is the passato remoto (Remote Past tense), which indicates an action that happened a long time ago. - a momentary action that happened in a moment. You can use this scheme to visualize the verbs and also to make up stories about the people in the house! Conjugate the Italian verb dare: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere. It is composed of the auxiliary verb to have or to be and the past participle of the main verb.. In particular, passato remoto indicates an event that the speaker feels as unrelated to the present time either chronologically or psychologically. Tags : A1 exercises A2 exercises Grammar exercises Italian exercises online. The Italian Present Perfect tense, or passato prossimo, is one of the most used tenses. Select search scope, currently: catalog all catalog, articles, website, & more in one search; catalog books, media & more in the Stanford Libraries' collections; articles+ journal articles & What "remoto" (i.e.

Northern Italians tend to use almost exclusively the passato prossimo, whereas further South, especially in Sicily, Campania, Basilicata, Apulia and Calabria, the remote past tense is often used to describe fairly recent events. To sum up The passato prossimo is used to say what you have done at some time in the recent past. It translates in English to had, have had. This tense is different to the present tense. Il trapassato prossimo esprime azioni passate antecedenti ad altre, che possono essere al passato prossimo (es. As a rule, you should use Passato prossimo for something happened in the recent past, and Passato remoto for something happened long ago. Ho comprato la pizza. Italian Adverbs of Manner. Segue un periodo di pausa, che dura fino al 1984. Indicativo Passato Prossimo: Indicative Present Perfect . The present perfect is composed of: PRESENT TENSE OF "TO HAVE" + the PAST PARTICIPLE of the verb. 1) an action or condition that lasted an indefinite time in the past. remote) means is how the speaker perceives the action. It is rarely used in Italian, as native speakers prefer to use passato prossimo (Present Perfect tense a compound past tense that we will see later). How can we use the Passato Prossimo with Direct Pronouns? example: By the time you arrived we had already finished = Ora che tu arrivavi noi avevamo gi finito. Present tense of To Be or To Have + Past participle. Imperfetto or Passato Prossimo the Italian nightmare dissolved. We have recently been sent some questions on how the tenses imperfetto and passato prossimo are used. Here are some tips which we hope will help you with the use of these two tenses. Both imperfetto and passato prossimo refer to something that happened in the past. Montalbano Loves the Passato Remoto. Category : Uncategorized. Synonyms Documents Dictionary Collaborative Dictionary Grammar Expressio Reverso for Business.

2) an habitual action in the past with no reference to how many times it was performed. 12.07.2022 14:00 - A2 Femminile - Un'altra lunga per l'Use Rosa Scotti Empoli: Giulia Patan; 12.07.2022 13:40 - A2 Femminile - Mantova, Cristiana Petronio prolunga in biancorosso; 12.07.2022 13:19 - A2 - Umana Chiusi: ufficiale la firma dell'ala Daniel Donzelli; 12.07.2022 13:15 - live | LegaBasket 2022/23, il tabellone del mercato Basically, it is one of the tenses we use when we talk about actions, events, and facts that happened in the past, but not long ago. You just need to combine either the verb to be or the verb to have with past participle. Forming the Italian past tense passato prossimo is very easy. Trapassato prossimo / Past Perfect tense Trapassato prossimo Uso dei tempi passati / Use of the past tenses Verbale / Record Verbi al condizionale / Verbs in the conditional Verbi e definizioni / Verbs and definitions. Il passato prossimo (verbs with essere) 18. use the past tense for something relatively recent. Teachers access. passato prossimo = present perfect (e.g. above chart) 2. SOME EXAMPLES IERI HO MANGIATO UNA PIZZA Yesterday I ate a pizza 10 ANNI FA SONO ANDATO IN ITALIA 10 years ago I went to Italy LImperfetto per lazione pi lunga e continuativa. When we use the passato prossimo in a story to describe a still moment, something that interrupts the flow of the story, perhaps a turning point! It corresponds to the English simple past, emphatic past, and present perfect. Formation of Italian Plural Nouns Ending in -O. Es. Passato prossimo: Italian grammar rules, examples, exercises Il passato prossimo dei verbi regolari. Trascina le parole. This lesson is about using modal verbs in the Italian past tense, the passato prossimo. The imperfetto is one of the two main past tenses in Italian, the other being the perfect past tense or passato prossimo. Verbs in which actions are NOT carried out directly to the object. Present perfect tense or passato prossimo refers to that action which has already taken place in the past but has still has its effect in the present. MANGIATO is the PAST PARTICIPLE of MANGIARE. Il presente is used when talking about what people are doing now. The Present Perfect tense form of fare is made up of the Present Simple form of the auxiliary verb avere (to have) + Italian Indefinite Articles - Articoli Indeterminativi. Abbiamo venduto (vendere) la nostra macchina. When we use passato prossimo, we talk about something that has happened once, instead of an ongoing event in the past (we use imperfect then).For example: To talk about past actions, we have to use a past verb tense. Examples: Ho mangiato I ate Sono andato I went As you can see in the examples Passato Prossimo is a compound tense: in order to make the Passato Prossimo you will need to combine two elements:. What has long declined is the differentiated usage of passato prossimo and passato remoto (basically because the distinction is very nuanced in most cases). Il congiuntivo (irregular verbs) 22. Italian uses two past tenses to describe actions that happened in the past, Limperfetto (the imperfect tense) and Passato Prossimo (the perfect tense).. LIMPERFETTO. Drills and exercises with passato prossimo. e.g. En passato remoto, se escribira: Giovanni Belzoni nacque nel 1779. Synonyms Documents Dictionary Collaborative Dictionary Grammar Expressio Reverso for Business. Close. There are tense subtleties here with modal verbs in the passato prossimo. Synonyms Documents Dictionary Collaborative Dictionary Grammar Expressio Reverso for Business. A quel punto Clapton progetta un disco nuovo e chiede aiuto al vecchio amico Phil Collins: il In this episode: [01:54] When to use the passato prossimo.

This is a good practice to get you thinking and using the passato prossimo with essere in the correct way! Formation. I've been to the cinema) passato remoto = past (e.g. Actualmente, en italiano se utiliza ms el passato prossimo que el passato remoto, incluso para expresar acciones que ocurrieron en este ltimo. As already mentioned, Italian passato remoto indicates a past event. (I bought it.) Translate dare in context, with examples of use and definition. Is this correct? Translation Context Grammar Check Synonyms Conjugation. The main tenses used to talk about the past are passato prossimo (present perfect), imperfetto (imperfect), and passato remoto (past absolute).Passato prossimo and passato remoto translate literally as close past and remote past, but their use in contemporary Italian has little to do with how recent in time the corresponding events and I hope this article helped you to understand how to use the imperfetto and the passato prossimo together! In genere il participio passato dei verbi regolari delle tre coniugazioni si forma in questo modo: Esempi: Ho mangiato (mangiare) un pezzo di pizza. [13:14] Three action steps to take today. It is used to describe actions that were completed in the past, such as: I took the exam last Friday. ; The past participle of the verb you want to turn into the past, in Italian Participio Passato. Like the passato prossimo, the passato remoto is used in tandem with the imperfetto (imperfect). In Italian, both of these are called the passato prossimo, even though only one of them looks similar. Conjugate the Italian verb volere: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere.

Valikko. This is a visual scheme that lets you focus on the verbs that need to use the verb ESSERE. Passato Prossimo of Transitive and Intransitive Verbs. The present perfect tense in Italian is called il passato prossimo. Roger Woodham replies: adjectives before nouns If the sentence is punctuated correctly, click "correct as is I always use my Oyster card Because content, punctuation, and grammar wont make any sense, your focus will be entirely on the spelling of each word - I need to buy a present before James comes - I need to buy a present before James comes. masculine singular; feminine singular In Italian it's the same. The modal verbs potere/dovere/volere are conjugated like any other verb, and followed by the infinitive form of the verb that they modify. Translation Context Grammar Check Synonyms Conjugation. Indicativo Passato Prossimo: Present Perfect Indicative . It has a start and end point. THE USE OF PASSATO REMOTO. B1 Intermediate Italian Vocabulary Lessons.

MANGIARE = IO HO MANGIATO. For most verbs you will need to use the imperfect of the verb avere and then add your past participle. Language Q. I'm writing up an assessment for a teacher that requires a lot of past tense language. It is used to: talk about past occurrences that took place before something else happened. Global and regional land-use and ecosystems transitions and associated changes in behaviour that would be required to limit warming to 1.5C can enhance future adaptation and land-based agricultural and forestry mitigation potential. PASSATO PROSSIMO Used for an action (something) that happened in the past. In Italian it's the same.

In addition to that, it has to be used following some conjunctions that specifically require it.

Add Artwork Background; Banner; Cinemagraph; ClearArt; ClearLogo can be converted to official lists which may be used in apps that use our API. Passato prossimo Toolbox Edit Movie Edit Translations Add Cast & Crew Sort Cast. You can almost exclusively find it in literature. Tempo Passato : Italian Past Tense. Using passato prossimo. Answer (1 of 4): Great question! Ambiente e Riciclaggio / Environment and Recycling Bocca / Mouth Cinema 3) a physical o psychological description. In this situation, we often introduce the imperfetto with mentre (while). * First you must check if the verb is TRANSITIVE or INTRANSITIVE. Live worksheets > Italian > Italiano per stranieri > Passato prossimo > Passato prossimo - Pass compos. We use past tenses to express actions, events or states related to the past. 23. Prossimo.org.This domain provided by ovh.com at 2018-06-21T14:45:13Z (4 Years, 24 Days ago), expired at 2023-06-21T14:45:13Z (0 Years, 340 Days left). This tense is used to describe actions that continued in the past over a period of time or occurred multiple times. As you might have noticed, the Passato Prossimo with Direct Pronouns behaves differently from what the general rule states.. -The passato prossimo indicates an event in the very recent past that still has a link to the present, because the event still exists, or an action that happened long ago but which still effects the present. La mattina scorsa ha piovuto molto. We build the passato prossimo using the past participle preceded by the auxiliary verbs essere (to be) or avere (to have). Youll need to be familiar with their present tense conjugations, so here they are: essere = to be io sono = I am tu sei = you are lui/le = he/she/it is noi siamo = we are voi siete = you ( plural) are loro sono = they are Due giorni fa ho preso lnfluenza = Two days ago I The passato prossimo is an indicative tense that expresses the past and, differently from the imperfect indicative, it is a compound tense. - a timely action happened only once. The tables below contain vedere in various uses, with essere and avere in the compound tenses (depending on the use). First case: ESSERE When the auxiliary verb is ESSERE there is AGREEMENT. To learn efficiently it is important to have exercises matching your level. Translation Context Grammar Check Synonyms Conjugation. Trapassato Prossimo. Now, in Italian the passato prossimo is formed with the present indicative of essere or avere + the past participle of the main verb. LibriVox is a hope, an experiment, and a question: can the net harness a bunch of volunteers to help bring books in the public domain to life through podcasting? Most people choose to learn the passato prossimo first and the imperfetto second. The indicative passato prossimo called the present perfect in Englishis one of the most widely used tenses in the Italian language. Italian Direct Object Pronouns With Passato Prossimo. In the Italian language there are four main past tenses: Il passato prossimo (The Perfect Tense), LImperfetto (The Imperfect tense), Il trapassato prossimo (The past perfect tense) and Il Passato remoto (The Simple past). [10:45] When to use passato prossimo and imperfetto together. [12:23] Recap of the uses of passato prossimo and imperfetto. Any time we are using a verb in the passato prossimo and this verbs uses ESSERE as the auxiliary, then the Past Particle will have all 4 options (same as an adjective):. I've been to the cinema) passato remoto = past (e.g. Both the trapassato prossimo and the passato prossimo are often used together in the same sentence. Translation Context Grammar Check Synonyms Conjugation. For example, are they interchangeable, and why dont Italians use passato prossimo so much? Italian uses its past tenses in the same way as most Latin-derived languages: the imperfect to The present perfect (passato prossimo) is used when you are referring to actions completed in the past. Just in case youre still vague on the conjugation of essere and avere, here they are: cyberghost proxy server. You would use the passato prossimo at times when its unimportant to say how long ago something was exactly, or how long it lasted, just that it has happened, and that it happened relatively recently. Any time we are using a verb in the passato prossimo and this verbs uses ESSERE as the auxiliary, then the Past Particle will have all 4 options (same as an adjective):. School subject: Italiano per stranieri. The passato prossimo, usually called the present perfect or perfect in English grammar, can be defined as a near past tense and is the main tense used in Italian to describe an action which has been completed in the past. Using passato prossimo.

We use the imperfetto for the ongoing background action, and we use the passato prossimo for the interrupting action which happened for a shorter period of time. stamane andai al lavoro invece di stamane sono andato al lavoro). Remember that you can click on the words to see tips of possible translations. Conjugate the Italian verb venire: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere. 20. Match the subejct with its special reflexive pronounLoro always matches. The passato prossimo is a past tense used to express an action that was recently completed. Il trapassato prossimo (all verbs) SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. Il congiuntivo (all verbs) IMPERATIVE MOOD. There are two elements of evaluation. use the past tense for something relatively recent. Vedere has several irregular tenses in addition to an irregular participio passato, visto.

Translate aprire in context, with examples of use and definition. Passato Prossimo and Imperfetto, are two tenses of the indicative mood, that I strongly recommend you to learn, as they are the most used past tenses in Italian. Let I ragazzi hanno giocato a calcio venerd scorso. The indicative mood is a form used to make statements, ask questions and express facts and opinions. Language Q.

Passato Prossimo with essere. What is the passato prossimo in Italian?. Per contro, nelle regioni meridionali prevale il passato remoto anche quando sarebbe pi consigliabile il passato prossimo (es. Conjugate the Italian verb aprire: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere. Nel 2002 entrato in vigore leuro. The trapassato prossimo is a tense that is used to express what you had done. Edizioni Quodlibet - Volumi pubblicati, Appuntamenti, Recensioni e Anteprime - Acquista con sconto del 15%, spedizioni gratuite in Italia per acquisti sopra 29 euro. First of all, lets see the most used conjugations in the indicative mood: the present (presente), future simple (futuro semplice), imperfect (imperfetto), and present perfect (passato prossimo). Por ejemplo, el explorador Giovanni Belzoni naci en 1778. By- Claudia Quesito. passato prossimo = present perfect (e.g.

Il passato prossimo (avere-verbs and irregulars) 17. The Italian passato prossimo is equivalent to the English simple past. It describes complete events that happened in the past. As opposed to the English simple past, the italian passato prossimo is a compound tense. See the table for more details. In terms of personal day-to-day narration, the passato remoto is increasingly losing ground to the more common passato prossimo, and particularly in the regions of northern and central Italy, and particularly in speaking, the passato prossimo dominates (is abused, as one Italian grammarian puts it).It is a matter of longstanding Translate volere in context, with examples of use and definition. It is helpful to know that in Italian there are three tenses that are used for past events: imperfetto, passato prossimo, and passato remoto. In Italian there are several past tenses. First case: ESSERE When the auxiliary verb is ESSERE there is AGREEMENT. Posted by 5 years ago. Weil raga! The passato prossimo is one of several past tenses in Italian. Passato prossimo follows a simple pattern: essere or avere conjugated in the present tense (we will go over later when to use each verb) and the past particle. masculine singular; feminine singular remote) means is how the speaker perceives the action. For example, are they interchangeable, and why dont Italians use passato prossimo so much? Italian uses its past tenses in the same way as most Latin-derived languages: the imperfect to Regolare. The Italian Present Perfect tense, or passato prossimo, is one of the most used to talk about actions that happened in the recent past. Il Passato Prossimo, invece, lo usiamo per indicare azioni che hanno ancora ripercussioni sul presente. Passato alla WEA, Clapton si presenta alla ribalta discografica al principio del 1983 con MONEY AND CIGARETTES. use the passato prossimo for a specific, time-limited activity. Passato prossimo. This means that, on the timeline, Passato remoto will go more towards the Past end of the line, while Passato prossimo will go between the Passato remoto and the present. The subject pronouns in Italian are: Ieri, mia sorella ha fatto dei dolci di mandorle. Previous Numeri ordinali. Conjugate the Italian verb scrivere: indicative, congiuntivo, condizionale, passato prossimo, auxiliary essere, avere. Another helpful note is that the o at the end of the past participle changes to an a when a feminine direct object pronoun is used with the passato prossimo. ; When to use essere or Italian Nouns With Irregular Gender. The Passato Prossimo is for the action that interrupts the first action. It is not to be confused with the imperfetto, another frequently used past tense.However, these two past tenses can be used together in the same Il passato prossimo, made of the present of the auxiliary avere or essere, and the past participle. What about actions that have already happened? Choose from 500 different sets of use chapter 5 passato prossimo flashcards on Quizlet. The passato prossimo in Italian is generally used to refer to Both sentences above are in passato prossimo, but in the first one, the verb studiato is introduced by ho (a form of avere [to have]); while in the second one, the verb partito is introduced by sono (a form of essere [to be]). The Italian Passato Prossimo is a compound tense. Note that another participio passato is also usedvedutowhich is accepted but falling increasingly into disuse.

4. Translate venire in context, with examples of use and definition. Synonyms Documents Dictionary Collaborative Dictionary Grammar Expressio Reverso for Business.

Learn use chapter 5 passato prossimo with free interactive flashcards. The meaning of IO HO MANGIATO is I HAVE EATEN and also I ATE. Whats the reason behind chosing AVERE or ESSERE as auxiliare verb? I walked to the end of the beach. Ho camminato fino alla fine della spiaggia. Per maggior comodit puoi anche solamente fare clic sulla parola e poi fare clic sullo spazio per unirli. For instance, the adverb ieri can be used to modify a verb in the imperfetto to give a general reference about when an event occurred. > We use the Passato Prossimo, on the contrary, for actions that still have an impact on the present. Verbs in which actions are carried out DIRECTLY to the object. First of all, lets see the most used conjugations in the indicative mood: the present (presente), future simple (futuro semplice), imperfect (imperfetto), and present perfect (passato prossimo). Passato prossimo is made by the verb avere or essere in the present tense plus the past participle and it is used to indicate past events that happened once, but still have effects on the present. But dont mind all this for now. Some verbs of motion that are more descriptive of the way you move, such as camminare to walk, sciare to ski, nuotare to swim, passeggiare to stroll, pattinare to ice/roller skate, and also viaggiare to travel, have AVERE. Welcome to the Italian course!

In Italian, the past perfect ( trapassato prossimo), or more properly said pluperfect or plusquamperfect, is a past tense used to talk about what had happened at a point in the past. LibriVox About. Essere is used for all INTRANSITIVE verbs. Italian Modifying Suffixes. IO HO is the Present Tense of AVERE.

When to use the Passato prossimo and when the Imperfetto?

Very briefly, we can notice a few important things about the Passato Prossimo.. Its built with the present tense of essere or avere and the past participle of the main verb (ato, uto, ito). Regular Verb Formation of the Past Participle. In Italian the Congiuntivo Presente (subjunctive tense) is a currently used form.Rather than stating facts, it expresses doubt, possibility, uncertainty, or personal feelings.It can also express emotion, desire, or suggestions.. The imperfect tense can express: 1) an action or condition that lasted an indefinite time in the past. Translate scrivere in context, with examples of use and definition. The past participle of -are, -ere, and -ire verbs is formed by adding the endings -ato, -uto-, and -ito, respectively, to the stems of the infitive. In this post we focus on this particular aspect. When you use the direct object pronouns with passato prossimo you always put the pronouns before the auxiliary verb avere (you will never have direct object pronouns with the auxiliary verb essere), but you must also remember to modify the ending of the past participle of the verb according to the gender and number of the pronoun lo, la, li, or le.The table below explains Translate mangiare in context, with examples of use and definition. Mentre era in fila ha incontrato un suo vecchio amico. Hope all you guys are doing well today!

In both halves of the country it is the normal tense used in novels, stories etc. La ragazza ha finito (finire) lesercizio. Il passato prossimo di ESSERE e AVERE. In colloquial usage, the use of the passato remoto becomes more prevalent going from North to South of Italy. ID: 3129840. Avere is used for all TRANSITIVE verbs. Answer (1 of 3): When speaking Italian, how does one mix the use of passato prossimo and imperfetto? The passato prossimo (present perfect) is used in Italian to describe events that have been completed in the recent past or were completed in the distant past but still affect the present.The passato prossimo is a one of four compound verb tenses in Italian.The other three are the futuro anterior (future perfect), trapassato prossimo (past perfect), and trapassato remote Examples: Lei abit a Ravenna fino al 1880, poi si trasfer a Madrid. It is not possible to confuse them for their form, as they are completely different. Below you will find an overwiev of the exercises available. The STRUCTURE of PASSATO PROSSIMO is similar to the PRESENT PERFECT in English. This follows our usual matching subject, verb and predicate rule for the verb essere.. As a review of this rule with In this type of construction we normally use il passato prossimo or, occasionally, il passato remoto (historical past) to express the most recent event and il trapassato prossimo to express the older event. The indicative mood is a form used to make statements, ask questions and express facts and opinions. An auxiliary verb essere or avere in the present tense. Passato Prossimo and Imperfetto are Italian Past Tenses used to talk about something that happened in the past, but they have different uses and purposes. Passato prossimo is the most basic past tense, used to talk about things that happened, from start to finish, in the past. Gender of Italian Nouns. In this post we'll be going over the Italian Passato Prossimo - which is the equivalent of the English Present Perfect Tense. Parlavo al telefono quando arrivato il mio amico. relationship anniversary in french; verified pronunciation Home. However, they can often be confusing. The Present Perfect tense of avere is formed by the Present simple of the auxiliary verb avere (to have) + its past participle: avuto. For example: I have eaten. Expressions of Time in the Past. The expressions of time in the past listed below add valuable information to a sentence. We just learned how to use the passato prossimo with the auxiliary verb avere. Before we start to use the passato prossimo with the helping verb essere, we must first remember that in this situation the ending of the past participle must change to match the gender and number of the speaker. In those situations, the imperfetto is often accompanied by mentre (while) and quando (when), and it The passato prossimo is formed with the auxiliary verb essere OR avere + participio passato (past participle). The imperfetto most often anchors actions in other past tenses (mostly the passato prossimo and the passato remoto) but that are simultaneous. It looks like the English Present Perfect (I have eaten) but the concept is closer to the Simple Past (I ate). In questo gioco devi fare clic sui verbi coniugati al passato remoto che si trovano a destra e mantenendo premuto il pulsante del mouse, trascinarli sugli spazi che si trovano a sinistra per completare le frasi.

In the Southern half of the country the passato remoto is used a lot in speech. Personal pronouns. Passato prossimo - Pass compos. When you went through the Passato Prossimo, you learnt that the Past Participle agrees with the subject only when the auxiliary verb is Essere, whilst when the auxiliary verb is Avere the Past

While Northern Italians and Sardinians use passato prossimo in any perfective situation, Southern Italians will use passato remoto even for recent events. It can also be used to describe an action that began in the past but has not yet been completed, such as: >> Clicca qui per ascoltare questo episodio su Apple Podcasts <<. 3) Complete the sentences by dragging the verbs in passato prossimo from the right into the sentences.

Passato Prossimo Italian The Most Used Past Tense in Italian What is the Passato Prossimo? Passato Prossimois the main past tense in Italian. In English this would be the simple past and present perfect tenses. Examples: Ho mangiato I ate, I have eaten The Passato Prossimo Weil! In Italian, the passato prossimo is a tense used to express past finished events and actions..

Let's Count: Italian Numbers 1 to 20. > Euro was introduced in 2002. It is the one you will use most. We went to Italy two months ago. This happens with all other forms of avere used as an auxiliary verb in the passato prossimo. This can translate both the English present perfect and simple past. Acquisto on-line da un'ampia selezione presso il negozio CD e Vinili. [06:14] When to use the imperfetto.